Quote of The Week

“Philosophy teaches us to bear with equanimity the misfortunes of our neighbors.”

Oscar Wilde


Music Workshop at Stony Brook

With David Bouchier
Weekly update –Spring 2019
Fridays 12 – 1:15 pm in Wang Center Lecture Hall 2*

Planned Music excerpts for the sixth session – March 22

Vienna – the City of Music – continued and concluded

Johann Strauss II (1825 – 1899)

The Beautiful Blue Danube (1867)
Die Fledermaus (1874) overture

Anton Bruckner (1824 – 1896)

Symphony No. 4 in E – excerpt

Gustav Mahler (1860 – 1911)

Symphony No. 5 adagietto

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 – 1827)

Haydn’s Symphony #88 opening and Beethoven’s Symphony #5 (contrast)
Bagatelle in A “Für Elise”
Symphony No. 3 in E flat “Eroica” (selection from all movements)
Symphony No. 5 in c (selection from all movements)
Symphony No. 6 in F “Pastoral” (selections from movements 4 and 5)
Symphony No. 9 in d “Choral” (final movement)
String Quartet Opus 18/6 in B flat (selections from movements 4 and 5)
String Quartet Opus 130 in B flat – late quartet – (final movement)
Violin Concerto in D (final movement)
Piano Concerto No. 5 in E flat “Emperor” (third movement)
Overture “The Creatures of Prometheus” and/or “Egmont”

Revised Outline of the Semester

The outline below is tentative. It may change depending on the progress we make through the topics, your own suggestions, the exigencies of weather, and life itself. Any changes will be reported by e-mail, both by the OLLI office and by me, so please check your mail regularly. You can reach me by e-mail at davidbouchier5@gmail.com

N.B. There is no spring break for OLLI workshops this semester, so we will meet at the usual time on March 22.

February 15: Introduction – the Grand Tour begins in London
February 22: Paris and the music of France
March 1: Venice, Rome, and Italy
March 8: Salzburg and Vienna
March 15: Vienna Part Two
March 22: Vienna Part Three and Beethoven
March 29: The Musical Genius of Germany
April 5: Music of South America (live performance with the Serenade Duo)
April 12: Spain and the Sunny South
April 19: Prague and Central Europe, and a visit to Scandinavia
April 26: Moscow and St. Petersburg – final meeting

Recommended books: The Story of Music: from Babylon to the Beatles, by Howard Goodall (Pegasus Books 2013). This is an excellent general history for the non-specialist, and is also a TV series available on You Tube with musical examples.

The Classical Music Encyclopedia by Stanley Sadie (2014) – a useful reference book. There are many others including the NPR Guide to Classical Music.

*Location: lecture hall 2 in the Wang Center is on the Gallery floor. Enter via the main entrance (facing the perimeter road Circle Drive). There is a ramp beside the steps. Turn left and climb another short flight of steps (also with ramp), stay on the same floor and look for a short corridor on your left. With “Lecture Halls” posted over it. Lecture hall 2 is at the end of this corridor on the left.

A Few Useful Musical Terms

Adagio: slow movement or passage (often romantic or sad)
Allegro: quick, lively movement or passage
Atonal: not in any key (rather nasty)
Baroque: dominant style of music roughly from 1600-1750 (elaborate, complex)
Cadence: progression of chords leading to the end of a piece of music.
Cantata: a piece to be sung.
Chamber music: composed for a small group of instruments
Classical music: technically the style of the Vienna School, roughly 1750-1805 (Haydn, Mozart)
Concerto: any work for solo instrument with orchestra (usually violin or piano).
Fugue: an elaborate, complex, highly disciplined polyphonic composition for three or four parts.
Harmony: more than one note played at the same time but blending together.
Key: the set of notes chosen as the main material for a composition.
Libretto: the text of an opera.
Lied/lieder: short song based on a poem, popular in 19th century Germany (e.g.Schubert)
Madrigal: lyrical poem sung by several unaccompanied voices (16th/17th cent.)
Monophony: (Greek – “one sound”) a single melody, one note at a time (see “polyphony”)
Movement: self-contained division of a larger composition (see “symphony”).
Oratorio: sacred work sung by a choir without action, scenery or costumes.
Polyphony: two or more parts combined harmoniously but with different melodies.
Program Music: paints a picture or tells a story (e.g. Berlioz’s “Symphonie Fantastique”).
Romanticism: style of expressive music popular from 1805 to the early 20th century.
Scherzo: (Italian – “a joke”) a lively, amusing movement or piece.
Sonata/Sonata form: extended work for piano or solo instrument with piano accompaniment, in three or four movements. The form of each movement is clearly defined.
Suite: (French – “a series”) a cycle of pieces, often dances, popular in the Baroque period.
Symphony: an extended musical composition for orchestra, usually consisting of four movements, typically: 1. Long opening introducing themes; 2. slow movement, such as adagio; 3. minuet or scherzo with trio; 4.lively allegro, rondo or sonata conclusion.